a sale in which all or part of a copyright is transferred, or a transfer through a will or bankruptcy proceedings.
Clearance: the process by which permission is granted. May also be called clearance agreement.
in the United States
, a form of property protection provided by Title 17 of the U.S. Code of laws to the “authors of original works of authorship”. The protection is available to both published and unpublished works. Related to patent
which covers inventions and trademark
which covers distinctive signs representing products or services. Copyright infringement:
the reproduction, distribution, performance, public display or creation of a derivative work without the permission of the copyright owner. DMCA:
an acronym for Digital Millennium Copyright Act, a 1998 U.S.
law. A summary of DMCA is available on the U.S. Copyright office web site. Derivative work:
a work based on one or more pre-existing works, including a translation, musical arrangement, dramatization, fictionalization, motion picture version, sound recording, art reproduction, abridgment, condensation, or other form that recasts, transforms or adapts a work. Also includes a work of editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations or other modifications that represent an original work of authorship. Fair use:
any copying of copyrighted material done for a limited and transformative purpose (such as commentary, criticism or parody). License:
the legal right to do something that you would not otherwise be permitted to do. A copyright owner can authorize use of a copyrighted work by granting a license to the user. Also known as permission agreement. Piracy:
the illegitimate use of materials covered by copyright. Public domain:
creative materials not protected by intellectual property laws such as copyright, trademark, or patent laws. The public owns these works, not an individual author or artist. A public domain work may be used without obtaining permission. Release:
an agreement releasing someone from legal liability for a particular activity; often used to avoid lawsuits. The grantor of a release agrees to give up any right to sue that may arise from a specific situation. Transfer of title:
the sale of a copyright to another person by the person who holds the copyright. Transformative use:
a possible justification of claiming the “fair use” doctrine as a defense against copyright infringement. Work for hire:
a work created by an employee within the scope of employment or a qualifying commissioned work that is the subject of a written agreement. The copyright holder of a work for hire is the person who pays for its creation, not the person who actually created it.
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